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Constituencies

The territory of the Federal Republic of Germany is currently subdivided into a total of 299 constituencies for Bundestag elections. The legislator drew upon the figures of the German population as at 30 September 2019 to delimit the constituencies for the Election to the 20th German Bundestag. Using the Sainte-Laguë/Schepers calculation method, constituencies were distributed among the Länder in the 2021 Bundestag Election as shown in the table below. The average number of German people per constituency was around 243,500 on 30 September 2019.

Land Number Numbering
Schleswig-Holstein 11 1 - 11
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 6 12 - 17
Hamburg 6 18 - 23
Niedersachsen 30 24 - 53
Bremen 2 54 - 55
Brandenburg 10 56 - 65
Sachsen-Anhalt 9 66 - 74
Berlin 12 75 - 86
Nordrhein-Westfalen 64 87 - 150
Sachsen 16 151 - 166
Hessen 22 167 - 188
Thüringen 8 189 - 196
Rheinland-Pfalz 15 197 - 211
Bayern 46 212 - 257
Baden-Württemberg 38 258 - 295
Saarland 4 296 - 299

Pursuant to Section 3 of the Federal Elections Act, the population of a constituency should not deviate from the average population of all constituencies by more than 15 per cent in either direction; where the deviation is greater than 25 per cent, the boundaries shall be redrawn.

 

Distribution of Bundestag constituencies among Länder since 1949
Land Number of constituencies 1
1949 - 1953 1957 - 1961 1965 - 1976 1980 - 1987 1990 - 1998 2002 2005 2009 2013 2017 - 2021
Baden-Württemberg 33 2 33 36 37 37 37 37  38 38 38
Bayern 47 47 44 45 45 44 45  45 45 46
Berlin - - - - 13 12 12 12 12 12
Brandenburg - - - - 12 10 10 10 10 10
Bremen 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2
Hamburg 8 8 8 7 7 6 6  6 6 6
Hessen 22 22 22 22 22 21 21  21 22 22
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern - - - - 9 7 7  7 6 6
Niedersachsen 34 34 30 31 31 29 29  30 30 30
Nordrhein-Westfalen 66 66 73 71 71 64 64  64 64 64
Rheinland-Pfalz 15 15 16 16 16 15 15  15 15 15
Saarland - 5 5 5 5 4 4  4 4 4
Sachsen - - - - 21 17 17  16 16 16
Sachsen-Anhalt - - - - 13 10 10  9 9 9
Schleswig-Holstein 14 14 11 11 11 11 11  11 11 11
Thüringen - - - - 12 10 9  9 9 8
Total 242 247 248 248 328 299 299  299 299 299

1  From 1990, according to the territory as of 3 October 1990.
2  1949: Of which Baden-Württemberg 20, Baden 7, Württemberg-Hohenzollern 6.

Legal bases

Section 3 of the Federal Elections Act (BWG)

Last update: 30 June 2020